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Fleas are common blood sucking external parasites that can be a major problem for pets and their owners. Flea bites can cause considerable discomfort for your pet leading to skin irritation and very commonly, Flea Allergy Dermatitis. Additionally, fleas are an intermediate host for the common flea tapeworm (Dipylidium caninum).

To fully understand how to control fleas on your pets, it is important to understand the life of the flea, as certain types of flea control products work at different parts of the flea lifecycle. 

Flea Life Cycle

There is a continuous lifecycle of flea development with adults laying eggs, which then fall off the pet. The developing fleas spend most of their life away from the dog or cat, preferring dark, warm environments, often in bedding or carpets where your pet rests or sleeps. So the fleas you see on your dog are only the tip of the iceberg. At any given time, only around 5% of the total flea population in your pet’s environment are adults, so the management of all the other stages of the flea including eggs, larva and pupae are critically important parts of a successful, overall flea management program for your pet and their environment.

Adult female fleas can lay up to 50 eggs per day and immature fleas in the environment (pupae) can survive in the environment  for up to 12 months. Adult fleas then emerge with the onset of warm weather, heating of homes during the winter or simply changes in your pet’s environment.

The key to effective flea control is starting early, before adult numbers build up. For effective control, we recommend using EXELPET flea prevention regularly, all year round.

Flea products can be created to target different stages of the flea life cycle. Some products will kill adult fleas, while some prevent the development of larvae or the production of viable flea eggs. They can target one stage or a combination of life stages.  

EXELPET products provide a comprehensive range of solutions to help provide protection from all four stages of the flea lifecycle.

Because most of a flea’s life is spent in the environment and not on your pet, good flea management programs also involve attending to your dog or cat’s environment. 

In summary, effective flea control involves three simple steps:

Flea Diagram